Mario Monti (Varese, 19 marzo 1943) è un economista, accademico e politico italiano.
È senatore a vita dal 9 novembre 2011, e dal 16 novembre fino al 28 aprile 2013 è stato Presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana, conservando inizialmente l'incarico anche di ministro dell'economia e delle finanze dello stesso governo; lascia successivamente l'incarico al dicastero economico a Vittorio Grilli l'11 luglio 2012. Il 21 dicembre dello stesso anno rassegna le sue dimissioni da premier, rimanendo in carica per il disbrigo degli affari correnti; a seguito delle dimissioni di Giulio Terzi di Sant'Agata, assume ad interim l'incarico di ministro degli esteri dal 26 marzo 2013.
Presidente dell'Università Bocconi dal 1994, Monti è stato commissario europeo per il mercato interno tra il 1995 e il 1999 nella Commissione Santer; sotto la Commissione Prodi ha rivestito il ruolo di commissario europeo per la concorrenza fino al 2004.
Mario Monti, Knight Grand Cross OMRI (born 19 March 1943) is an Italian economist who served as the Prime Minister of Italy from 2011 to 2013, leading a government of technocrats in the wake of the Italian debt crisis.
Monti served as a European Commissioner from 1995 to 2004, with responsibility for the Internal Market, Services, Customs and Taxation from 1995 to 1999 and for Competition from 1999 to 2004. Monti has also been Rector and President of Bocconi University in Milan for many years. On 12 November 2011, in the midst of the European sovereign debt crisis, Monti was invited by President Giorgio Napolitano to form a new technocratic government following the resignation of Silvio Berlusconi. Monti was sworn in as Prime Minister on 16 November 2011, just a week after having been appointed a Senator for Life by President Napolitano, and initially became Minister of Economy and Finances as well, giving that portfolio up the following July. From 16 May 2013 to 17 October 2013 Monti was the President of Civic Choice, a centrist political party.
In 1994, Monti was appointed to the Santer Commission, along with Emma Bonino, by Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
In his office as a European Commissioner from 1994 to 1999, he was responsible for Internal Market, Financial Services and Financial Integration, Customs, and Taxation. His work with the Commission earned him the nickname "Super Mario" from his colleagues and from the press.
In 1999, Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema confirmed Monti's appointment to the new Prodi Commission and he was given one of the most powerful positions at the Commission, with responsibility for Competition. In 2004, Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi returned to power in Italy and chose not to re-appoint Monti to the Commission when his second term ended.
In 2010, Monti was asked by Commission President Manuel Barroso to draft a "Report on the Future of the Single Market" proposing further measures towards the completion of the EU's Single Market. The published report, adopted by the EU on 13 April 2011, proposed 12 reforms to the Single Market and was intended to "give new momentum" to the European economy.
On 9 November 2011, Monti was appointed a Lifetime Senator by Italian President Giorgio Napolitano. On 16 November 2011, Monti was officially sworn in as Prime Minister of Italy, after unveiling a technocratic cabinet composed entirely of unelected professionals.
He also chose to hold the post of Minister of Economy and Finance. On 21 December 2012, Monti announced his resignation as Prime Minister, having made a public promise to step down after the passing of the 2012 Budget. He initially stated that he would only remain in office until an early election could be held. However, on 28 December, he announced that he would seek to remain Prime Minister by contesting the election, as the leader of a centrist coalition, the Civic Choice. The election was held on 24 February 2013, and Monti's centrist coalition was only able to come fourth, with 10.5% of the vote. Monti remained Prime Minister until a coalition was formed on 28 April lead by Enrico Letta.
President of Civic Choice
On 4 January 2013, Monti launched Civic Choice as an electoral list of the civil society, to realize the implementation of his agenda in a future government. SC was announced as part of the With Monti for Italy (CMI) centrist coalition, alongside Union of the Centre (UdC) and Future and Freedom (FLI). In the 2013 general election the party obtained 8.3% of the vote, 37 deputies (on own lists) and 15 senators (within CMI). On 12 March 2013, Civic Choice was turned into a political party as Monti took office as acting SC president in the Provisional Committee of the party and appointed senator Andrea Olivero as provisional political coordinator. On 16 May 2013, Mario Monti was unanimously elected president of the Civic Choice: on 17 October 2013 he resign.
November 11, 2011