Enrico Letta (Pisa, 20 agosto 1966) è un politico italiano, presidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana dal 28 aprile 2013 al 22 febbraio 2014.
Nel 1998 è stato nominato ministro per le politiche comunitarie del governo D'Alema I, diventando il più giovane, fino ad allora, ministro della storia della Repubblica. È stato successivamente ministro dell'industria nei Governi D'Alema II ed Amato II, e poi sottosegretario di Stato alla presidenza del Consiglio dei ministri del governo Prodi II.
Europarlamentare dal 2004 al 2006 nel gruppo liberaldemocratico, dal 2001 è deputato, iscritto dapprima al gruppo parlamentare della Margherita e poi a quello del PD, partito del quale è stato vicesegretario nazionale dal 2009 al 2013.
Il 24 aprile 2013, Giorgio Napolitano, appena rieletto presidente della Repubblica, gli conferisce l'incarico di formare un nuovo governo. Letta accetta l'incarico con riserva, che scioglie positivamente il 27 aprile 2013; lo stesso giorno presenta la lista dei ministri e il 28 aprile pronuncia il giuramento. Il 14 febbraio 2014 rassegna le proprie dimissioni a seguito della sfiducia votata il giorno precedente dalla Direzione Nazionale del Partito Democratico.
Enrico Letta (born 20 August 1966) is an Italian politician who was Prime Minister of Italy from 2013 to 2014, leading a grand coalition comprising the centre-left Democratic Party, the centre-right People of Freedom, and the centrist Civic Choice. He has also been a Member of the Chamber of Deputies since 2006. He was previously Minister of European Affairs from 1998 to 1999 and Minister of Industry from 1999 to 2001, and served as Secretary to the Council of Ministers from 2006 to 2008. His uncle is centre-right politician Gianni Letta, a trusted advisor of former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi.
As a young man he started his political career in the Christian Democracy party (Democrazia Cristiana, DC), the dominant Roman Catholic formation that housed diverse right- and left-leaning political factions within a single catch-all party. From 1991 to 1995 Letta was president of the Youth of the European People's Party, (the official youth wing of the European People's Party—the political party at European level founded by national Christian Democrat formations, including the Italian DC); he used his presidency to help strengthen long-term connections among a variety of centrist parties in Europe, and has since remained a convinced supporter of the European Union.
During the Ciampi government (1993–1994) he worked as chief-of-staff for the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Beniamino Andreatta; this left-leaning Christian Democrat economist with whom Letta had already been collaborating in a think tank (Agenzia di Ricerche e Legislazione, AREL) played a highly influential role in his political career.
Following the collapse of the DC in 1994, Letta joined its immediate successor, the much smaller Italian People's Party; after serving as secretary general of the Treasury's Euro Committee (1996–1997), he became deputy secretary of the party in 1997–1998, at a time when it was already allied with the centre-left. In 1998, he was appointed Minister of European Affairs in Massimo D'Alema's Cabinet at the age of 32, becoming the youngest cabinet minister in post-war Italy. In 1999 he became Minister of Industry. In the general election of 2001 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in La Margherita (The Daisy), a newly formed centre-left/centrist formation to which the Italian People's Party had adhered.
In 2004 he left the Italian Parliament to be elected as a member of the European Parliament, where he sat in the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) and was a member of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. In 2006 he returned to the Chamber of Deputies and was made Secretary to the Council of Ministers in the Prodi II Cabinet, thereby succeeding his uncle Gianni Letta who had held the same post in the outgoing Berlusconi Cabinet, before reconsigning the post to his uncle a year later on the formation of the latest Berlusconi government.
Having been a founding member of the Democratic Party (PD) in 2007, Letta stood in the first leadership election (an open primary) and came third with 11% of the vote. During the next leadership election of 2009, he supported the eventual winner, Pier Luigi Bersani, and went on to be elected (on 7 November) Deputy Secretary by the party's national convention.
On 20 April 2013, together with the effectiveness of the resignation of the Secretary Bersani, owing to the bankruptcy of the candidates for President of the Republic of Franco Marini and Romano Prodi, during the 2013 presidential election the whole leaders of the Democratic Party, and therefore also the Deputy Secretary Letta, shall resign from their positions. On 24 April 2013, Letta was invited to form a government by President Giorgio Napolitano, after the resignation of Pier Luigi Bersani following weeks of political deadlock after the 2013 general election.
The growing criticism of the slow pace of Italian economic reform left Letta increasingly isolated. On 13 February 2014, following tensions with his left-wing rival Matteo Renzi, Letta announced he would resign as Prime Minister the following day. The Democratic Party voted heavily in favour of backing Renzi's call for a new government, a "new phase" and a "radical programme" of reform. Quirinale on Friday to tender his resignation to Giorgio Napolitano. In a speech earlier, Renzi had paid tribute to Letta's government, saying the meeting was not intended to put it "on trial". But, without directly proposing himself as the next premier, he said the eurozone's third-largest economy urgently needed "a new phase" and "radical programme" to push through reforms. The motion made clear "the necessity and urgency of opening a new phase with a new executive". Speaking to the party leadership, Renzi had said Italy was "at a crossroads" and fa ced either holding fresh elections or a new government without a return to the polls. On February 14, 2014 Giorgio Napolitano accepted Letta's resignation from the office of Prime Minister.
Minutes after the PD national committee backed the Renzi's proposal by 136 votes to 16, with two abstentions, Palazzo Chigi - the official residence of the prime minister - said Letta would be going to the